Authors: Arnold Wong, Eric Chun Pu Chu
Publication date: 2022/1
Journal: Journal of Medical Cases
Description: The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is designed primarily for stability with minute motions. SIJ dysfunction refers to improper movement of the SIJs. Diagnosis and evaluation of SIJ dysfunction are difficult, with use of physical maneuvers and image-guided anesthetic injection. This case report describes a 47-year-old female who experienced right buttock pain and painful limp for approximately 2 months. Standing radiographs revealed inflammatory sclerosis surrounding the right SIJ. Physical examination found tenderness over the right SIJ and positive results in provocation (the distraction, compression, and thigh thrust) tests, compatible with right SIJ dysfunction. Her pain was resolved and gait performance was retrieved following 6-month program of combined thoracolumbar manipulation and rehabilitation exercises. Unexpectedly, change in pelvic incidence (PI) angles was noticed on follow-up radiograph. PI remains more or less fixed throughout adult life since the mobility of the SIJs is considered negligible. The current presentation is designed to explore the significance of PI change. The PI disparity unfolds the possibility of recognizing SIJ dysfunction based on consecutive radiographs.